2015 Table of Contents

Preface
(page  xvi)

Process Development

A Novel Projection based Electro-Stereolithography (PES) Process for Composite Printing
Y. Pana, A. Patila, C. Zhoub, aUniversity of Illinois at Chicago, bUniversity at Buffalo
(page 1)

Additive Manufacture of Large Structures: Robotic or CNC Systems?
Y.K. Bandari, S.W. Williams, J. Ding, F. Martina, Cranfield University
(page 17)

Active Device Fabrication using Fiber Encapsulation Additive Manufacturing
M. Saari, M. Galla, B. Cox, E. Richer, P. Krueger, A. Cohen, Southern Methodist University
(page 26)

High Viscosity Jetting of Conductive and Dielectric Pastes for Printed Electronics
J. Ledesma-Fernandez, C. Tuck, R. Hague, University of Nottingham
(page 40)

Support-less Horizontal Filament-stacking by Layer-less FDM
Y. Kanada, Dasyn.com
(page 56)

Selective Separation Sintering (SSS) A New Layer Based Additive Manufacturing Approach for Metals and Ceramics
J. Zhang, B. Khoshnevis, University of Southern California
(page 71)

Understanding the Dynamics of Ultrasonic Additive Manufacturing
Q. Maoa, N. Coutrisa, J. Gibertb, G. Fadela, aClemson University, bPurdue University
(page 80)

A Review of Hybrid Manufacturing
K. A. Lorenzab, J.B. Jonesc, D.I. Wimpennya, M.R. Jacksonb, aThe Manufacturing Technology Centre, bLoughborough University, cHybrid Manufacturing Technologies
(page 96)

Selective Heat Sintering Versus Laser Sintering: Comparison of Deposition Rate, Process Energy Consumption and Cost Performance
M. Baumers, C. Tuck, R. Hague, University of Nottingham
(page 109)

Solid Freeform Fabrication of Transparent Fused Quartz using a Filament Fed Process
J. Luoa, L.J. Gilberta, C. Qua, B. Morrowa, D.A. Bristowa, R. G. Landersa, J. Goldsteinb, A. Urbasb, E.C. Kinzela, aMissouri University of Science and Technology, bAir Force Research Laboratory
(page 122)

μ-SLS of Metals: Design of the Powder Spreader, Powder Bed Actuators and Optics for the System
N.K. Roy, M.A. Cullinan, The University of Texas at Austin
(page 134)

Numerical Simulation and Experimental Investigation of Arc Based Additive Manufacturing Assisted with External Longitudinal Static Magnetic Field
X.M. Zhou, H.O. Zhang, G.L. Wang, L.Y. Liang, Y.H. Fu, X.W. Bai, X.P. Wang, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
(page 156)

A High Temperature Polymer Selective Laser Sintering Testbed for Controls Research
S. Fisha, S. Kubiakb, W. Wroea, J. Bootha, A. Bryanta, J. Beamana, aThe University of Texas at Austin, bStratasys Direct Manufacturing
(page 171)

Embedding of SMD Populated Circuits into FDM Printed Objects
F. Wasserfall, University of Hamburg
(page 180)

Temperature History within Laser Sintered Part Cakes and Its Influence on Process Quality
S. Josupeit, H.-J. Schmid, University of Paderborn
(page 190)

The Heterogeneous Compensation for the Infiltrative Error of the Binder Jetting Additive Manufacturing Processes
X. Ma, F. Lin, L. Zhang, Tsinghua University
(page 200)

Study of Infill Print Parameters on Mechanical Strength and Production Cost-Time Of 3D Printed ABS Parts
L. Baich, G. Manogharan, Youngstown State University
(page 209)

Using Design of Experiments in Finite Element Modeling to Identify Critical Variables for Laser Powder Bed Fusion
L. Ma, J. Fong, B. Lane, S. Moylan, J. Filliben, A. Heckert, L. Levine, National Institute of Standards and Technology
(page 219)

An Experimental-Numerical Investigation of Heat Transfer during Selective Laser Melting
M. Masoomia, S. M. Thompsona, N. Shamsaeia, A. Elwanyb, L. Biana, aMississippi State University, bTexas A & M University
(page 229)

Dynamic Resolution Control in a Laser Projection based Stereolithography System
Y. Pan, C. Dagli, University of Illinois at Chicago
(page 243)

Dual Thermographic Monitoring of Ti-6Al-4V Cylinders during Direct Laser Deposition
G. Marshalla, W.J. Young IIa, N. Shamsaeia, J. Craigab, T. Wakemanab, S. M. Thompsona, aMississippi State University, bStratonics Inc.
(page 259)

Beyond layer-by-layer Additive Manufacturing – Voxel-wise Directed Energy Deposition
A.R. Nassar, E.W. Reutzel, The Pennsylvania State University
(page 273)

Process Monitoring of Directed-Energy Deposition of Inconel-718 via Plume Imaging
A.R. Nassar, B. Starr, E.W. Reutzel, The Pennsylvania State University
(page 284)

Optical, Layerwise Monitoring of Powder Bed Fusion
B.K. Foster, E.W. Reutzel, A.R. Nassar, B.T. Hall, S.W. Brown, C.J. Dickman, The Pennsylvania State University
(page 295)

Extrusion-Based Additive Manufacturing of the Moisture-Cured Silicone Elastomer
Y. Jinab, J. Plottb, A. J. Shihb, aZhejiang University, bThe University of Michigan at Ann Arbor
(page 308)

Effects of Temperature on Aqueous Freeform Extrusion Fabrication
J. Li, M.C. Leu, G.E. Hilmas, Missouri University of Science and Technology
(page 319)

Methods of Extrusion on Demand for High Solids Loading Ceramic Paste in Freeform Extrusion Fabrication
W. Li, A. Ghazanfari, M.C. Leu, R.G. Landers, Missouri University of Science and Technology
(page 332)

Effects of Oxygen Inhibition and Post-Processing on Exposure Controlled Projection Lithography Process Accuracy
Y. Zhang, A. Jariwala, D.W. Rosen, Georgia Institute of Technology
(page 346)

Position Dependency of Surface Roughness in Parts from Laser Beam Melting Systems
S. Kleszczynskia, A. Ladewigb, K. Friedbergerb, J. zur Jacobsmühlenc, D. Merhofc, G. Witta, aUniversity of Duisburg-Essen, bMTU Aero Engines AG, cRWTH Aachen University
(page 360)

Systematical Determination of Tolerances for Additive Manufacturing by Measuring Linear Dimensions
T. Lieneke, G.A.O. Adam, S. Leuders, F. Knoop, S. Josupeit, P. Delfs, N. Funke, D. Zimmer, University of Paderborn
(page 371)

Exploring Model-Based Engineering Concepts for Additive Manufacturing
R.R. Lipman, J.S. McFarlane, National Institute of Standards and Technology
(page 385)

Toward Better Build Volume Packing in Additive Manufacturing: Classification of Existing Problems and Benchmarks
L.J.P. Araújo, E. Özcan, J.A.D. Atkin, M. Baumers, C. Tuck, R. Hague, University of Nottingham
(page 401)

A Framework for Large Scale Fused Pellet Modeling (FPM) by an Industry Robot
Z. Wang, R. Liu, T. Sparks, F. Liou, Missouri University of Science and Technology
(page 411)

Depth of Cut Monitoring for Hybrid Manufacturing using Acoustic Emission Sensor
H. Gaja, F. Liou, Missouri University of Science and Technology
(page 422)

Design and Optimization of a High Temperature Microheater for Inkjet Deposition
A. VanHorn, W. Zhou, University of Arkansas at Fayetteville
(page 437)

Use of an Alternative Ink in the High Speed Sintering Process
L. Fox, A. Ellis, N. Hopkinson, The University of Sheffield
(page 456)

Towards High-Quality Selective Beam Melting Technologies: Modeling and Experiments of Single Track Formations
W. Yanab, W. Geb, J. Smitha, G. Wagnera, F. Linb, W.K. Liua, aNorthwestern University, bTsinghua University
(page 464)

Performance Metric for Powder Feeder Systems in Additive Manufacturing
V.S. Bitragunta, T. Sparks, F. Liou, Missouri University of Science and Technology
(page 473)

Feedforward Control for Polymer Laser Sintering Process Using Part Geometry
M. Abdelrahman, T.L. Starr, University of Louisville
(page 492)

Characterization of Bulk to Thin Wall Mechanical Response Transition in Powder Bed AM
B. Brown, W. Everhart, J. Dinardo, Department of Energy's National Security Campus
(page 501)

Mass Finishing of Laser Sintered Parts
P. Delfs, Z. Li, H.-J. Schmid, University of Paderborn
(page 514)

Development of Powder Bed Fusion Additive Manufacturing Test Bed for Enhanced Real-Time Process Control
M.L. Vlasea, B. Lane, F. Lopez, S. Mekhontsev, A. Donmez, National Institute of Standards and Technology
(page 527)

Material Properties of Laser Sintered Polyamide 12 as Function of Build Cycles using Low Refresh Rates
S. Josupeita, J. Lohnab, E. Hermannb, M. Gesslerc, S. Tenbrinkc, H.-J. Schmida, aUniversity of Paderborn, bPhoenix Contact Deutschland GmbH, cEOS Electro Optical Systems GmbH
(page 540)

Elevated Region Area Measurement for Quantitative Analysis of Laser Beam Melting Process Stability
J. zur Jacobsmühlena, S. Kleszczynskib, G. Wittb, D. Merhofa, aRWTH Aachen University, bUniversity of Duisburg-Essen
(page 549)

Investigation of Support Structures for Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) Of In625 Parts
Ö. Poyraz, E. Yasa, G. Akbulut, A.Orhangül, S. Pilatin, TUSAS Engine Industries, Inc.
(page 560)

Thermographic Measurements of the Commercial Laser Powder Bed Fusion Process at NIST)
B. Lane, S. Moylan, E. Whitenton, L. Ma, National Institute of Standards and Technology
(page 575)

System Identification and Feedback Control for Directed-Energy, Metal-Based Additive Manufacturing
D.M. Seltzer, X. Wang, A.R. Nassar, J.L. Schiano, E.W. Reutzel, The Pennsylvania State University
(page 592)

Materials

Functional Gradient Material of Ti-6Al-4V And γ-TiAl Fabricated by Electron Beam Selective Melting
W. Ge, F. Lin, C. Guo, Tsinghua University
(page 602)

Residual Stress in Metal Specimens Produced by Direct Metal Laser Sintering
I. Yadroitsava, I. Yadroitsev, Central University of Technology
(page 614)

Toward Enabling Spatial Control of Ti-6Al-4V Solidification Microstructure in the Electron Beam Melting Process
S.P. Narra, R. Cunningham, D. Christiansen, J. Beuth, A.D. Rollett, Carnegie Mellon University
(page 626)

Microstructural Sensitive Fatigue Modeling of Additively Manufactured Ti-6Al-4V
A.J. Sterling, B. Torries, N. Shamsaei, S.M. Thompson, S.R. Daniewicz, Mississippi State University
(page 636)

Application of a Microstructural Characterization Uncertainty Quantification Framework to Widmanstätten a-Laths in Additive Manufactured Ti-6Al-4V
G.T. Loughnanea, S.L. Kuntza, N. Klingbeila, J.M. Sosab, J. Irwinc, A.R. Nassarc, E.W. Reutzelc, aWright State University, bThe Ohio State University, cThe Pennsylvania State University
(page 647)

A Microstructure and Hardness Study of Functionally Graded Materials Ti6Al4V/TiC by Laser Metal Deposition
J. Zhanga, Y. Zhanga, F. Lioua, J.W. Newkirka, K.M.B. Tamingerb, W.J. Seufzerb, aMissouri University of Science and Technology, bNASA Langley Research Center
(page 664)

Surface Modification on a Porous Co-Cr Scaffold Fabricated by Selective Laser Melting for Bone Implant Applications
C.J. Han, X. Chen, J.W. Tan, Y. Yao, Q.S. Wei, Z. Zhang, Y.S. Shi, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
(page 674)

Microstructure and Property of TiB-Reinforced Ti Alloy Composites by Laser Metal Deposition
Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, F. Liou, J. Newkirk, Missouri University of Science and Technology
(page 683)

Direct Laser Deposition of Ti-6Al-4V from Elemental Powder Blends
L. Yan, X. Chen, W. Li, F. Liou, J. Newkirk, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla
(page 691)

Investigation on the Scan Strategy and Property of 316L Stainless Steel-Inconel 718 Functionally Graded Materials Fabricated by Selective Laser Melting
Y. Zhou, X. Zhou, Q. Teng, Q.S. Wei, Y.S. Shi, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
(page 700)

Effect of Post-Processing on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Ultra-Low Carbon Steel Fabricated by Selective Laser Melting
B. Almangour, J. M.Yang, University of California Los Angeles
(page 708)

Fatigue Behavior of Selective Laser Melted 17-4 PH Stainless Steel
A. Yadollahia, N. Shamsaeia, S.M. Thompsona, A. Elwanyb, L. Biana, M. Mahmoudib, aMississippi State University, bTexas A & M University
(page 721)

Wear Studies in Binder Jet Additive Manufactured Stainless Steel - Bronze Composite
C. Ingenthron, H. Ludwig, T. Joel, K. Agarwal, W. Sealy, Minnesota State University
(page 732)

The Effects of Heat Balance on the Void Formation within Marage 300 Processed by Selective Laser Melting
T. Burkerta, A. Fischerb, aBMW Group, bUniversity Duisburg-Essen
(page 745)

Effect of Bimodal Powder Mixture on Powder Packing Density and Sintered Density in Binder Jetting of Metals
Y. Bai, G. Wagner, C.B. Williams, Virginia Tech
(page 758)

μ-SLS of Metals: Physical and Thermal Characterization of Cu-nanopowders
N.K. Roy, A. Yuksel, M.A. Cullinan, The University of Texas at Austin
(page 772)

Laser Metal Deposition of Functionally Gradient Materials from Elemental Copper and Nickel Powders
S. Karnatia, T.E. Sparksa, F.Lioua, J.W. Newkirka, K.M.B. Tamingerb, W.J. Seufzerb, aMissouri University of Science and Technology, bNASA Langley Research Center
(page 789)

Processing ODS Modified In625 Using Selective Laser Melting
A.B. Spieringsa, T. Bauera, K. Dawsonb, A. Colellac, K. Wegenera, aInspire AG, bUniversity of Liverpool, cMBN nanomaterialia s.p.a.
(page 803)

Microstructure and Mechanical Characterisation of SLM Processed Haynes® 230®
T. Bauera, K. Dawsonb, A.B. Spieringsa, K. Wegenera, aInspire AG, bUniversity of Liverpool
(page 813)

Effect of Si on the SLM processability of IN738LC
R. Engeliab, T. Ettera, F. Geigera, A. Stankowskia, K. Wegenerb, aALSTOM (Switzerland) Ltd, bETH Zürich
(page 823)

In-Situ Thermal Image Correlation with Mechanical Properties of Nylon-12 in SLS
W. Wroe, J. Gladstone, T. Phillips, A. McElroy, S. Fish, J. Beaman, The University of Texas at Austin
(page 832)

Variability in the Mechanical Properties of Laser Sintered PA-12 Components
M. Faes, Y. Wang, P. Lava, D. Moens, KU Leuven
(page 847)

Parameter Optimization for Preparing Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Composites by Selective Laser Sintering
W. Zhua, C. Yanab, J. Yanga, S. Wena, Y. Shia, aHuazhong University of Science and Technology, bUniversity of Exeter
(page 857)

Low Temperature Selective Laser Melting of High Temperature Plastic Powder
T. Niino, T. Uehara, The University of Tokyo
(page 866)

Study on Inhibition Mechanism of Polymer Parts in Selective Inhibition Sintering Process
H. Nouri, B. Khoshnevis, University of Southern California
(page 878)

Non-Isotropic Material Distribution Topology Optimization for Fused Deposition Modeling Products
R. Hoglund, D.E. Smith, Baylor University
(page 888)

Experimental Investigation of Mechanical Properties of 3D-Printing Built Composite Material
Y.-T. Kao, T. Dressen, D.S. Kim, S. Ahmadizadyekta, B.L. Tai, Texas A&M University
(page 904)

Evaluation of 3D Printable Sustainable Composites
D.A. Roberson, C.R. Rocha, M. Piñon, The University of Texas at El Paso
(page 914)

3D Printing with Natural Fiber Reinforced Filament
J.I. Montalvo N, M.A. Hidalgo, Universidad Autonoma de Occidente
(page 922)

Mechanical and Thermal Properties of FDM Parts Manufactured with Polyamide 12
F. Knoop, V. Schoeppner, University of Paderborn
(page 935)

Additive Manufacturing of Soft and Composite Parts from Thermoplastic Elastomers
M. Saari, M. Galla, B. Cox, P. Krueger, A. Cohen, E. Richer, Southern Methodist University
(page 949)

Characterization of Mutli-Material Interfaces in PolyJet Additive Manufacturing
I. Vu, L. Bass, N. Meisel, B. Orler, C.B. Williams, D.A. Dillard, Virginia Tech
(page 959)

The Effect of Build Orientation on the Mechanical Properties in Inkjet 3D Printing
J. Mueller, K. Shea, ETH Zurich
(page 983)

Exploring Variability in Material Properties of Multi-Material Jetting Parts
L.B. Bass, N.A. Meisel, C.B. Williams, Virginia Tech
(page 993)

Thermal Treatments of AlSi10Mg Processed by Laser Beam Melting
A. Mertensa, O. Dedrya, D. Reuterb, O. Rigob, J. Lecomte-Beckersa, aUniversity of Liege, bSirris Research Center
(page 1007)

Fatigue Performance Enhancement of Selectively Laser Melted Aluminium Alloy by Heat Treatment
I. Maskery, N.T. Aboulkhair, C. Tuck, R.D. Wildman, I.A. Ashcroft, N.M. Everitt, R.J.M. Hague, University of Nottingham,
(page 1017)

Mechanical Properties of Selective Laser Melted AlSi10Mg: Nano, Micro, and Macro Properties
N.T. Aboulkhair, A. Stephens, I. Maskery, C. Tuck, I. Ashcroft, N.M. Everitt, University of Nottingham,
(page 1026)

Fabrication of 3D Polymer-Metal Nano-Composites in a Single Step by Two-Photon Induced Polymerisation and Metal Salt Reduction
Q. Hu, Y. Liu, Y. He, F. Zhang, R. Wildman, C. Tuck, R. Hague, University of Nottingham
(page 1036)

Selective Laser Melting of a Bismuth Telluride Thermoelectric Materials
A. El-Desouky, A.L. Read, P.M. Bardet, M. Andre, S. LeBlanc, George Washington University
(page 1043)

Modeling

Improving Volumetric Accuracy of AM Parts using Adaptive Slicing of Octree Based Structure
S.K. Malyala, A. Manmadhachary, R. Kumar Y, National Institute of Technology Warangal
(page 1051)

Multi-Direction Slicing of STL Models for Robotic Wire-Feed Additive Manufacturing
D. Ding, Z. Pan, D. Cuiuri, H. Li, N. Larkin, S. van Duin, University of Wollongong
(page 1059)

Quantifying Mechanical Property Degradation of Cellular Material using As-Fabricated Voxel Modeling for the Material Extrusion Process
S.-I. Park, D.W. Rosen, Georgia Institute of Technology
(page 1070)

FE-Optimization and Data Handling for Additive Manufacturing of Structural Parts
T. Reiher, R. Koch, University of Paderborn
(page 1092)

Selective Laser Sintering of Diamond Lattice Structures: Experimental Results and FEA Model Comparison
C. Neffa, N. Hopkinsonb, N.B. Cranea, aUniversity of South Florida, bUniversity of Sheffield
(page 1104)

Modeling of Powder Bed Processing – A Review
A. Flood, F. Liou, Missouri University of Science and Technology
(page 1118)

Parameter Determination and Experimental Validation of a Wire Feed Additive Manufacturing Model
K.S. Kumar, T.E. Sparks, F. Liou, Missouri University of Science and Technology
(page 1129)

Mesoscopic Simulation of Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Laser Powder Bed Additive Manufacturing
Y.S. Lee, W. Zhang, The Ohio State University
(page 1154)

A Temperature-Thread Multiscale Modeling Approach for Efficient Prediction of Part Distortion by Selective Laser Melting
C. Lia, J.F. Liua, Y.B. Guoa, Z.Y. Lib, aThe University of Alabama, bShandong University of Technology
(page 1166)

Melt Pool Evolution Study in Selective Laser Melting
B. Cheng, K. Chou, The University of Alabama
(page 1182)

Process Mapping of Inconel 625 in Laser Powder Bed Additive Manufacturing
C. Montgomerya, J. Beutha, L. Sheridanb, N. Klingbeilb, aCarnegie Mellon University, bWright State University
(page 1195)

Prediction of Porosity in SLM Parts using a Mars Statistical Model and Bayesian Inference
G. Tapia, A.H. Elwany, Texas A&M University
(page 1205)

Effect of Extrudate Swell, Nozzle Shape, and Convergence Zone on Fiber Orientation in Fused Deposition Modeling Nozzle Flow
B.P. Heller, D.E. Smith, D.A. Jack, Baylor University
(page 1220)

Modeling and Characterization of Microstructure Evolution in Single-Crystal Superalloys Processed through Scanning Laser Epitaxy
A. Basak, R. Acharya, S. Das, Georgia Institute of Technology
(page 1237)

Lattice Boltzmann Simulation of Multiple Droplet Interaction on Non-ideal Surfaces for Inkjet Deposition
W. Zhou, University of Arkansas at Fayetteville
(page 1248)

Computational Modeling and Experimental Validation of Melting and Solidification in Equiaxed Superalloys Processed through Scanning Laser Epitaxy
A. Basak, R. Acharya, R. Bansal, S. Das, Georgia Institute of Technology
(page 1264)

Inkjet Printing at Megahertz Frequency
J.C. Miers, W. Zhou, University of Arkansas at Fayetteville
(page 1275)

Parameter Estimation Based Real-Time Metrology for Exposure Controlled Projection Lithography
X. Zhao, D.W. Rosen, Georgia Institute of Technology
(page 1294)

Planning Freeform Extrusion Fabrication Processes with Consideration of Horizontal Staircase Effect
A. Ghazanfari, W. Li, M.C. Leu, R.G. Landers, Missouri University of Science and Technology
(page 1313)

Optimal Rastering Orientation in Freeform Extrusion Fabrication Processes
A. Ghazanfari, W. Li, M.C. Leu, R.G. Landers, Missouri University of Science and Technology
(page 1324)

Surface Roughness Optimized Alignment of Parts for Additive Manufacturing Processes
P. Delfs, M. Töws, H.-J. Schmid, University of Paderborn
(page 1334)

DC-Gain Layer-to-Layer Stability Criterion in Laser Metal Deposition Processes
P.M. Sammons, D.A. Bristow, R.G. Landers, Missouri University of Science and Technology
(page 1345)

An Algorithm-Based Method for Process-Specific Three Dimensional Nesting for Additive Manufacturing Processes
A. Arndt, H. Hackbusch, R. Anderl, Technische Universität Darmstadt
(page 1356)

Applications

Integration of Topology Optimization with Efficient Design of Additive Manufactured Cellular Structures
L. Chenga, P. Zhanga, E. Biyiklia, J. Baia, S. Pilzb, A.C. Toa, aUniversity of Pittsburgh, bANSYS, Inc.
(page 1370)

Lattice-skin Structures Design with Orientation Optimization
Y. Tang, Y.F. Zhao, McGill University
(page 1378)

Shear Properties of the Re-entrant Auxetic Structure Made via Electron Beam Melting
L. Yanga, O. Harryssonb, H. Westb, D. Cormierc, aUniversity of Louisville, bNorth Carolina State University, cRochester Institute of Technology
(page 1394)

Property Evaluation of Metal Cellular Strut Structures via Powder Bed Fusion AM
S. Zhanga, S. Dilip, L. Yanga, H. Miyanajia, B. Stuckerab, aUniversity of Louisville, b3DSIM
(page 1410)

Mechanical Impact Performance of Additively Manufactured Negative Stiffness Honeycombs
D. Correa, K. Bostwick, P.S. Wilson, M. Haberman, C.C. Seepersad, The University of Texas at Austin
(page 1422)

Fabrication of Cellular Cordierite Preforms via Binder Jetting
D. Snelling, C.B. Williams, C. Suchicital, A. Druschitz, Virginia Tech
(page 1434)

Design Rules with Modularity for Additive Manufacturing
H. Jeeab, Y. Lub, P. Witherellb, aHong Ik University, bNational Institute of Standards and Technology
(page 1450)

Residual Stress in Metal Parts Produced by Powder-Bed Additive Manufacturing Processes
X. Wang, K. Chou, The University of Alabama
(page 1463)

Non-Destructive Evaluation of Additively Manufactured Parts via Impedance-Based Monitoring
M. Albakri, L. Sturm, C.B. Williams, P. Tarazaga, Virginia Tech
(page 1475)

Geometric Element Test Targets for Visual Inference of a Printer’s Dimension Limitations
S. Chang, H. Li, N. Ostrout, M. Jhuria. S.A. Mottal, F. Sigg, Rochester Institute of Technology
(page 1491)

Additive Manufacturing Round Robin Protocols: A Pilot Study
S. Moylana, J. Landb, A. Possoloa, aNational Institute of Standards and Technology, bUniversity of Maryland College Park
(page 1504)

3D-inkjet Printing of Flexible and Stretchable Electronics
J. Vaithilingam, E. Saleh, C. Tuck, R. Wildman, I. Ashcroft, R. Hague, P. Dickens, University of Nottingham
(page 1513)

Design of Passive Dynamic Walking Robots for Additive Manufacture
F. Modica, F.R. Stöckli, K. Shea, ETH Zürich
(page 1527)

4D Printing of Soft Robotic Facial Muscles
J. Cai, A. Vanhorn, C. Mullikin, J. Stabach, Z. Alderman, W. Zhou, University of Arkansas at Fayetteville
(page 1537)

3D Inkjet Printing of Conductive Structures using in-situ IR Sintering
E. Saleh, J. Vaithilingam, C. Tuck, R. Wildman, I. Ashcroft, R. Hague, P. Dickens, University of Nottingham
(page 1554)

Development of an Economic Decision Support for the Application of Additive Manufacturing in Aerospace
G. Deppe, C. Lindemann, R. Koch, University of Paderborn
(page 1560)

Feasibility Study of Small Scale Production Based on Additive Manufacturing Technologies
M.W.M. Cunicoabc, J. de Carvalhoa, aUniversidade de São Paulo Campus São Carlos, bConcep3d Pesquisas Científicas, cPontificia Universidade Católica do Paraná
(page 1570)

Polymer Recycling and Additive Manufacturing in an Open Source Context: Optimization of Processes and Methods
F. Cruz, S. Lanza, H. Boudaoud, S. Hoppe, M. Camargo, Université de Lorraine
(page 1591)

Protection Measures Against Product Piracy and Application by the Use of AM
U. Jahnke, J. Büsching, T. Reiher, R. Koch, The University of Paderborn
(page 1601)

A Glance at the Recent Additive Manufacturing Research and Development in China
X. Xinga, L. Yangb, aHarbin Engineering University, bUniversity of Louisville
(page 1612)

In situ Printing – An Alternative Three Dimensional Laden Structure Fabrication Method
Y. Liua, W. Sunabcd, aDrexel University, bTsinghua University, cBiomanufacturing and Rapid Forming Technology Key Laboratory of Beijing, dBiomanufacturing Engineering Laboratory
(page 1635)

Inkjet Printing of Materials with Resistance to Bacterial Attachment
B. Begines, A.L. Hook, R.D. Wildman, C.J. Tuck, M.R. Alexander, University of Nottingham
(page 1652)

Optimal Process Parameters for 3D Printing of Dental Porcelain Structures
H. Miyanaji, S. Zhang, A. Lassell, A.A. Zandinejad, L. Yang, University of Louisville
(page 1659)

Polymer Particle Formation using Inkjet Printing
A. Hüsler, R.D. Wildman, M.R. Alexander, University of Nottingham
(page 1679)

Freeform Extrusion Fabrication of Titanium Fiber Reinforced Bioactive Glass Scaffolds
A. Thomas, K.C.R. Kolan, M.C. Leu, G.E. Hilmas, Missouri University of Science and Technology
(page 1688)

Improving Energy Efficiency of Car Climate Control with SLS
M. Vetterlia, R. Schmidb, M. Schmidb, S. Harke c, T. Durand d, K. Wegenera, aETHZ, binspire AG, cWeidPlas GmbH, dAutomotive Powertrain Technologies Laboratory EMPA
(page 1700)

Study of Vapourised Solvent Attack on Additive Manufacturing Part Surface
M.W.M. Cunicoabc, M.M. Cunicob, J. de Carvalhoa, aUniversidade de São Paulo Campus São Carlos, bConcep3d Pesquisas Científicas, cPontificia Universidade Católica do Paraná
(page 1709)

Thermal Performance and Surface Characterization of a Selective Laser Melted Flat-Plate Oscillating Heat Pipe
J.G. Monroea, O.T. Ibrahima, S.M. Thompsonab, N. Shamsaeiab, L. Biana, A. Elwanyc, aMississippi State University, bCenter for Advanced Vehicular Systems, cTexas A&M University
(page 1719)

Further Study of the Electropolishing of Ti6Al4V Parts Made via Electron Beam Melting
L. Yang, A. Lassell, G.P.V. Paiva, University of Louisville
(page 1730)

Thermal Aspects of Selective Laser Sintering of PMMA+β-TCP Composites
R. Velu, S. Singamneni, AUT University
(page 1738)

Direct Selective Laser Sintering of Reaction Bonded Silicon Carbide
S. Meyers, J.-P. Kruth, J. Vleugels, KU Leuven
(page 1750)

Construction by Contour Crafting using Sulfur Concrete with Planetary Applications
B. Khoshnevis, X. Yuan, B. Zahiri, B. Xia, University of Southern California
(page 1759)

Creating Embedded Radiofrequency Structures using Polyjet Material Jetting
R.L. Dumene, P. Kennedy, C.B. Williams, D. Sweeney, G. Earle, Virginia Tech
(page 1769)

Capillary-Driven Flow in Open Microchannels Printed with Fused Deposition Modeling
R.K. Lade Jr.a, E.J. Hippchena, L. Rodgersb, C.W. Macoskoa, L.F. Francisa, aUniversity of Minnesota, bStratasys Ltd.
(page 1788)

Experimental Study of Snap-Fits using Additive Manufacturing
K. Torossiana, D. Bourellb, aNational Engineering School of Saint-Etienne, bThe University of Texas at Austin
(page 1794)